Turin This distinguished city, capital of the province of Turin in the region of Piemonte, with many places to discover and enjoy surprising for many reasons and the first is perhaps cleaning, the second a stately charm, quiet, exquisite and finally its rich cultural heritage. Nestled in the foothills of the Alps, in northeastern Italy, is crossed by the legendary river Po. As Milan is an industrial and economic powerhouse.
 Founded over 2000 years ago by the Emperor Augustus, where bullfighting and lived his early inhabitants of Celtic origin. At first it was just a useful military strong to withstand the siege of the barbarian tribes.
 Lombards and Franks dominated successively not until the arrival of the Piemonte region of the Dukes of Savoy in the fifteenth century, who choose it as the capital of the duchy, which knows its true splendor Turin.
However, the city urban renewal newcomers with Carlo Emanuele I (1580-1630) who commanded the first expansion of the city to the south, commanding a linear, accurate and up austere.
The Piazza San Carlo is the center of this development. From low and high Middle Ages are still Mastio Gate and the Duomo di San Giovanni, public buildings we admire today date from that time, like some palaces, churches and chapels.
Like many other cities its population was decimated in 1630 by the epidemic of bubonic plague, can be a plaque on Via Cardinal Massaia.
Between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the city was ravaged by the French who kept in his attempt to take these sieges end with the arrival of Austrian troops allied. The Basilica of Superga was built between 1714 and 1717 in commemoration of the victory. Vittorio Amadeo II, in the eighteenth century, reorganized the state from all its aspects and places special emphasis on education providing further development at the University of Turin, the freedom, founded in the fifteenth century and remain private sphere passes State. In 1792, Vittorio Emanuele III goes to war with France annexed Piedmont again for 15 years. During this occupation will demolish the perimeter walls of the city. After years of great social and political upheaval, Turin assumes a political and cultural role nationally reaching its corollary in 1861 when elected capital of the peninsula after the proclamation of Italian unity.
 The modernism of the time is evident in the railway station of Porta Nuova where the aesthetic and functional complement beautifully. Turin Industrial Revolution could recognize and be part of it becoming an important center of development, production and research.
 The First World War made it grow but found the following decade defined as the most fascist Italy. True killings were in this city and many Turinese were deported to concentration camps during World War II. In the Porta Nuova station, a plaque remembers. The city later received a Gold Medal for his work during the resistance to the German occupation. The post-war period the city is devastated and Fiat is the main driver of recovery.
 In the '50s and '60s, his entrepreneurial impetus to revitalize the city and the centenary of Italian Unity, held in 1961 are new buildings on the left bank of the Po river, in the complex known as Italia 61, of conceptual style. This industry boom also leads to the emergence of many neighborhoods in the suburbs slightly overshadow the exquisite beauty of this glamorous city. Culturally, the first decades of the twentieth century saw the birth of a true circle of thinkers and intellectuals who gave rise to numerous new theories about unionism and workers' struggle. A plaque on the Plaza Carlina reminds the philosopher Antonio Gramsci, writer and founder of the newspaper "L'Unita" Turin had many prodigal sons. The most famous Edmondo De Amicis and Emilio Salgari, writers fascinated children and adolescents worldwide. Cesare Pavese, writer emblematic of Turin is recognized as the most important writer of the twentieth century Italy. The "Caval'd brons" the sculptor Carlo Marocchetti is a symbol of the city as much as the Mole Antonelliana.
Friedrich Nietzsche who spent a year in Turin (1888-1889) said of the city: "Turin, peace aristocratic taste manifested until uniform in color."
 We also owe it to the city of Turin to create the famous "vermouth" by Benedetto Carpano.

Surely not in one visit we achieve discover all that this city offers to visit and learn because the list is really long, very long. From a general point of view, the city has a historic center similar to other Italian cities: beautiful buildings alongside finely crafted and beautiful large arches on main avenues and streets, beautiful squares and parks, small restaurants and cafes with beautiful terraces for all parts, always flirtatious and friendly where you can breathe the air of "Dolce Vita" Italian. But Turin has many hidden places and two museums almost unparalleled throughout Italy.

We can come to Turin from anywhere and in almost all means of transport. If you opt for air travel, the International Airport "Sandro Pertini" is just 16 km from the city and receives international and domestic flights, including charter flights and low cost. This airport offers all the amenities and is connected to the city by an efficient bus, taxi and train. We can also rent a car at the scene.
 Taxis are in front of the exit of the airport arrivals area and rail service to about 200 meters. The trains, with a frequency of half an hour, we left in the Torino Dora station and the journey takes just 20 minutes. Buses taking a trip straight to the Porta Nuova station or to Porta Susa station in 40 minutes have their stops in front of the exit of the arrivals area and serve until midnight.

If we want to make our train ride, Turin has four stations with a network of exchanges, connections and vast transfers from anywhere in Europe, a train will leave us in any of the four train stations (Porta Nuova, Susa and Lingotto Dora ) of Turin.
The Bus Terminal Autostazione, located in Corso Vittorio Emanuele II di, the heart of the city, is connected through numerous lines throughout Italy and many European cities. (The sale of tickets is made from 6.30am to 19pm.)
If instead you want to travel by car, in addition to tour the beautiful surrounding areas, highways and Torino is connecting to the city from the four cardinal points and guaranteed access to and from the city from all over Europe. Your ring road also allows that if we stay in the north to the south of the city do not have to go through it after a long journey and to go straight to our hotel.
 Go directly to the A4 Turin, from Milan, the A5, from Ivrea, the A6, from Savona, the A21, from Piacenza, if arrived from France, many steps are possible. The A32 motorway connects directly with the Frejus tunnel, the great St. Bernard and Mont Blanc (These motorways charge tolls and not the great highways of Piemonte).

 Torino is the Italian city perhaps less promoted despite his charm and that, in a sense has its advantages because it does not find housing problems found in other cities. In Torino there are hotels of all categories from 5 star luxury top up pensions to stay for 10 Euros, there is even a camping on the perimeter of the city. The youth hostels are many and also their prices and services, you can rent rooms in private homes for 20 Euros, the Bed & Breakfast is a bit more expensive, from 35 Euros and of course, the surrounding regions provide the service of rental housing Holiday cottages, mountain cabins, campgrounds, and hotels in the vicinity of the city.
Where no sleep in the capital of Piemonte any inconvenience.

 Nor is any problem around the city by foot or public transport, if we intend to live in Turin a romantic getaway or a destination for only a few days. But it's easy to get to Turin from anywhere in the world and by any means of transport and is easy to walk around the city is also easy to lay base for exploring the region Turin is, thanks to an excellent network of roads, pathways bike paths and rail-to everyone regardless of whether ours is a romantic getaway, a family vacation, lazy days or even a business trip we can extend. Turin also has some means of transport that are unique in Italy and worldwide. The Po River tourist navigation, the lift of the Mole Antonelliana and double decker bus for the city tour are managed by the township enterprises and their tickets are affordable.
To travel on buses can purchase passes at newspaper kiosks, vending machines, shops and bars but the most convenient is the Torino + Piemonte Card, Card 2, 3.5 and 7 days providing free transportation and free admission to many sites of interest. There are various fees, including for minors and many options, we only decide which is most suitable to our interests. The most expensive has a value of & euro 35.00 for 7 days free travel and tickets are sold at the tourist offices. You can also rent bikes and classic Italian scooter in numerous parks or at the headquarters of "Amici della Bicicletta" (Friends of the bike) on the Via Vittorio Amadeo 21.

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